“Phoenix Dactylífera” is the scientific name of what's more commonly known as the Date Palm, where the Date fruit grows. In ancient times, it was considered a symbol of riches and fertility.
The date is categorized as one of the most nutritious fruits:
This is the nutritional value for every 100g of date pulp.
Date palms must be exposed to sunlight as much as possible. It can grow in hot weather where the temperature rarely falls under 20 ° F. A steady production is only possible when it's hot for long periods of time.
Dates are the fruit from the palm tree symbolic to hot weather. Native of Africa or Arabia, cultivated for the first time in Irak, about 3000 A.C. it was of great importance to ancient civilizations, known also as the tree of life. in Egypt, it represented fertility, for the Greeks triumph and a very good source of carbohydrates for millions of people.
Spanish conquistadores introduced dates to México in the states of Sonora, Sinaloa and Baja California in 1837. Since then, the quality of the dates from these regions possess a high quality compared to other regions, Baja California being the one with the highest quality dates in all of Mexico.
The first palm trees were cultivated by Franciscan and Jesuit missionaries.
Dates are harvested from the tree. During the "khalal" period, which is known for its partial ripeness, few dates are harvested, most of the dates are harvested during the "Rutab" and "Tamar" periods, which is when they're fully ripened and possess higher quantity of sugar and less humidity.
The palm tree trunk is covered from the ground up with thick stalks from which the palm leaves spring out of.